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Diminish the environmental impacts on the built environment through sustainable and responsive design

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Climate Change

Mitigate the effects of climate change and man-made hazard and adapt to the changing environment

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Climate Change

The main characteristics of climate change are increases in average global temperature (global warming); changes in cloud cover and precipitation particularly over land; melting of ice caps and glaciers and reduced snow cover; and increases in ocean temperatures and ocean acidity – due to seawater absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere

Mitigation: Design schemes to reduce climate
change. Avoid significant human interference
with the climate system, and stabilize
greenhouse gas levels in a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change

Reduces the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.

Reducing sources of gases (burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport).

Ensure that food production is not threatened Enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner 

Adaptation: Adapt to life in a changing climate
Reduce vulnerability to the harmful effects of
climate change (like sea-level encroachment,
more intense extreme weather events or food
Make the most of any potential beneficial
opportunities associated with climate change
e.g. longer growing seasons or increased yields in some regions.

Circular Economy

Safeguards character, cultural heritage and ensure sustainability using the Circular Economy

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Circular Economy

Minimize waste, emission, and energy leakage by slowing, closing, and narrowing energy and material loops. This is achieved using the ten R’s

  • Refuse: Make product redundant by abandoning its function or by offering the same function with a radically different product

  • Rethink: Make product use more intensive (e.g. by sharing product)

  • Reduce: Increase efficiency in product manufacture or use by consuming fewer natural resources and materials

  • Reuse by another consumer of discarded product, which is still in good condition and fulfills its original function

  • Repair and maintenance of defective product so it can be used with its original function

  • Refurbish an old product and bring it up to date

  • Remanufacture: Use parts of discarded product in a new product with the same function

  • Repurpose: Use discarded product or its parts in a new product with a different function

  • Recycle: Process materials to obtain the same (high grade) or lower (low grade) quality

  • Recover Incineration of material with energy recovery

Renewable Energy

Integrates renewable energy sources, reduce CO2 emissions, increase biodiversity and exploit ‘green’ technology

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Renewable Energy

Renewable energy sources replenish themselves naturally without being depleted in the earth; they include bioenergy, hydropower, geothermal energy, solar energy, wind energy and ocean (tide and wave)
energy; considered as clean sources of energy


  • Tidal energy: Tidal power can be generated in two ways, tidal stream generators or barrage generation. The power created though tidal
    generators is more environmentally friendly and causes less impact on established ecosystems.

  • Wave power: Wave power is the transport of  energy by ocean surface waves, and the capture of that energy Wave energy can be difficult to harness due to the unpredictability of the ocean and wave direction.

  • Wind power: Wind power is the conversion of wind energy by wind turbines into electricity or mechanical energy. Large-scale wind farms are typically connected to the local power transmission network with small turbines used to provide electricity to isolated areas

  • Hydropower: Water power derived from the  energy of falling water or fast running water, which may be harnessed to generate electricity

  • Solar energy: Photovoltaic (PV) Solar power is harnessing the suns energy to produce  electricity. Solar cells are becoming more 
    efficient, transportable and flexible, allowing for  easy installation..

  • Geothermal energy: Geothermal energy is an efficient way to extract a renewable energy from the earth through natural processes. Geothermal power is cost effective, reliable, and environmentally friendly, but has been  geographically limited to areas near tectonic 
    plate boundaries.

  • Bio energy: Biomass refers to living and dead  biological material that can be used as fuel or for industrial production. Biomass may also  include biodegradable wastes that can be burnt as fuel

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 
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01 No Poverty.jpg
Climate Change
04. Quality Education.jpg
11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg
12. Responible Consumption & Production.
13. Climate Action.jpg
14. Life Below Water.jpg
17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg
08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg
Circular Economy
03. Good Health & Well Being.jpg
06. Clean Water & Sanitation.jpg
09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure
12. Responible Consumption & Production.
15. Life on Land.jpg
08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg
17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg
Renewable Energy
07. Affordable & Clean Energy.jpg
09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure
12. Responible Consumption & Production.
15. Life on Land.jpg
17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg
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