Urban Challenges

1. Rapid urban population growth 

More than half of the population,

3.3 billion, live in urban areas, by 2030, this is expected to be 5 billion.

2. Rise of megacities 

Urban centres are increasing in size and number. At the beginning of the last century, there were only 11 megacities by 2030, UN predicts that there will be more than 500 cities

3. Resources

Cities need resources such as water, food and energy to be viable.

Urban sprawl reduces available water catchment areas, agricultural lands and increases demand for energy,

Many cities will continue to struggle to provide these resources to an ever-growing urban population.

4. Environmental Threats

Rapid urbanization coupled with more frequent and extreme weather events linked to global climate change is exacerbating the impact of environmental threats; flooding, tropical cyclones , heat waves etc.

 

5. Infrastructure and Services

Growing cities require substantial investments in infrastructure if they are to continue expanding at their present rate

6. Inequality

The widening gap between the haves and have-nots will be accentuated

Inequalities will destabilize society and upend any benefits of urban development.

There is a critical need for policy-makers to ensure that the fruits of progress are shared equitably.

7. Housing

Housing is a particular and ubiquitous challenge in search of an innovative solution. From San Francisco to Addis Ababa, the pressure to supply affordable housing is reaching critical status.

8. Governance

Cities are global economic engines and the economic powerhouses of the global economy.

85% of global GDP was generated in cities. Increased competition between cities for talent, investment and firms.

Globally mobile world is making places where people really want and choose to live. While cities’ primary draw has traditionally been employment opportunities, people are now attracted by the quality of life a city offers

URBAN DESIGN FRAMEWORK - the eight C's

Strategy Level

Action Level

UN Sustainable Goals

Compact Icon.jpg

1. Compact

Promote high density with mixed land uses based on an efficient public transport system which encourages walking and cycling

Density & Intensity

Ensure that the building form and intensity of development create diversity of attractions

Density.jpg

TOD

Promote higher densities around TOD’s(Transport Orinated Development) with mixed land uses

TOD.jpg

Networks & Districts

Enrich and combine different networks with urban densities

Network & Districts.jpg
Compact Icon.jpg
11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.3

11.6

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.2

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.3

11.6

11.A

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.1

9.3

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.9

Connect Icon 01.jpg

2. Connect

Recognize how networks connect and support healthy neighbourhood

Walking & Cycling

Encourages walking and cycling centred around local neighbourhood based within a 10-minute walk

Traiangle of street users.jpg

Open Space

Promote higher densities around TOD’s(Transport Orinated Development) with mixed land uses

Open Spaces.jpg

Smart City

Implement Smart City technology in urban settings to make cities work more efficiently

Smart Cities.jpg
11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.7

03. Good Health & Well Being.jpg

3.6

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.7

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.6

12.8

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.1

15.2

15.4

15.5

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.B

9.C

17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg

17.8

Context Icon.jpg

3. Context

Recognize buildings, places and spaces as part of entire built environment

Sense of Place.jpg

Cultural Identity

Acknowledge and build on cultural identity, landscape context and built form.

Public Realm

Maintain and enhance the public realm to provide a safe, high quality and inclusive places.

Project for Public Spaces.jpg

Health

Consider the wellbeing of the people who live and work within and around the development

Health.jpeg
11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.4

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.8

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.4

15.5

03. Good Health & Well Being.jpg

3.4

3.9

3.D

03. Good Health & Well Being.jpg

3.4

3.D

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.4

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.7

Choice Icon.jpg

4. Choice

Guarantee variety and choice for citizens

Mixed Use

Ensure that the building form and intensity of development create diversity of attractions

Mixed Use.png
Adaptable.jpg

Adaptable Environ

Ensure developments are flexible and adaptable and continue to be in demand over a long period of time

Inclusive-design.jpg

Inclusive Design

Guarantees the built environment are accessible to age groups and the disabilities

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.7

10. Reduce Inequalities.jpg

10.2

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.4

08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg

8.2

08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg

8.5

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.3

Character Icon 01.jpg

5. Character

Reveal and enrich the distinguishing charm and culture of the place, making it function long during the day.

Character Areas

Reflect and enhance the distinctive character, heritage and identity of the urban environment

Density.jpg

Town Centres & High Streets

Create locally suitable and stimulating Town Centre and High Street

Town Centre.jpg

Night Time Economy

Creativity nurture the city to function 24/7; cultivate the night time economy

Time_of_Night_Icon.jpg
11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.4

11.C

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.1

15.2

15.4

15.8

08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg

8.1

8.2

8.3

08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg

8.1

8.2

Creativity Icon_edited.jpg

6. Creativity

Foster creative and innovative approaches

Art

Incorporate public art into buildings, spaces and places to enrich the experience of the urban environments

Art Strategy.png

Local  Heritage

Explore, interpret and reinterpret the local heritage in dynamic ways.

Hertiage Cycle.jpg
Cultural Resouces.jpg

Cultural Viewpoints

Integrate diverse cultural viewpoints

06. Clean Water & Sanitation.jpg

6.6

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.4

11.C

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.6

14. Life Below Water.jpg

14.2

14.5

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.1

15.2

15.4

11.4

12.B

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg
12. Responible Consumption & Production.
Custodianhip Icon.jpg

7. Custodianship

Diminish the environmental impacts on the built environment through sustainable and responsive design

mitigation-and-adaptation 02.jpg

Climate Change

Mitigate the effects of climate change and man-made hazard and adapt to the changing environment

Circular Economy

Safeguards character, cultural heritage and ensure sustainability using the Circular Economy

Circular Economy.jpg
Renewable Energy.png

Renewable Energy

Integrates renewable energy sources, reduce CO2 emissions, increase biodiversity and exploit ‘green’ technology.

11. Sustainable Cities & Communties.jpg

11.7

11.B

01 No Poverty.jpg

1.5

04. Quality Education.jpg

4.7

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.2

13. Climate Action.jpg

13.1

13.2

14. Life Below Water.jpg

14.C

17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg

17.14

08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg

8.4

03. Good Health & Well Being.jpg

3.9

06. Clean Water & Sanitation.jpg

6.3

6.A

08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg

8.4

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.4

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.2

12.5

12.C

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.A

17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg

17.14

07. Affordable & Clean Energy.jpg

7.1

7.2

7.3

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.4

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.2

12.5

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.6

17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg

17.14

Cooperation Icon_edited.jpg

8. Cooperation

Maintain good communication and share information across different groups

3D,4D,5D,6D,7D.jpg

innovation

Breakdown the silos of Planning, Landscape, Architecture, Construction and Engineering and share knowledge

Community Engagement

Include the local community in the decision making processes

Community Engagement.jpg

Research

Acknowledge and develop further research and training in urban design at national, regional and local levels

Research Process.jpg
05. Gender Equality.jpg

5.B

08. Decent Work & Eonomic Growth.jpg

8.2

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.5

9.B

17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg

17.6

12. Responible Consumption & Production.

12.8

13. Climate Action.jpg

13.B

14. Life Below Water.jpg

14.3

15. Life on Land.jpg

15.C

16. Pace, Justice & strong Institutions.

16.6

16.7

16.A

16.B

17. Partnership for the Goals.jpg

17.6

17.9

17.16

17.17

02 Zero Hunger.jpg

2.A

04. Quality Education.jpg

4.4

4.C

07. Affordable & Clean Energy.jpg

7.A

09. Industry Innovation & Infrastructure

9.5

13. Climate Action.jpg

13.3

13.B

14. Life Below Water.jpg

14.3

14.4

14.A

Urban Design Framework Sun Diagram 02.jp